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Paul Deslandes

Currently, VEF Rīga, which competes in EuroCup, is the strongest professional basketball club in Latvia. The average sea temperature around Riga, Latvia in December is 1°C. The Evangelical Lutheran Church, with an estimated 600,000 members in 1956, was affected most adversely. Jan The University of Daugavpils is another significant centre of education. [76][77], In 1989, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a resolution on the Occupation of the Baltic states, in which it declared the occupation "not in accordance with law", and not the "will of the Soviet people". Weather; UV index; Wind; Road; Water temperatures; Forecast The General representative of Germany August Winnig formally handed over political power to the Latvian Provisional Government on 26 November. It has a temperate climate that sees warm summers and cold winters. [54], Early in the morning of 24 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact, called the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. [59] The average annual temperature is 6.4 °C | 43.4 °F in Riga. [79], The Republic of Latvia declared the end of the transitional period and restored full independence on 21 August 1991, in the aftermath of the failed Soviet coup attempt. [70] An extensive program to impose bilingualism was initiated in Latvia, limiting the use of Latvian language in official uses in favor of using Russian as the main language. There are normally 1 hour of bright sunshine each day in Riga, Latvia in December - that's 12% of daylight hours. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 21°F to 74°F and is rarely below 2°F or above 83°F . CCPR/CO/79/LVA, 1 December 2003, "A new kind of citizenship accepted by EU? Rural areas were forced into collectivization. As of 2014[update] there were 109 schools for minorities that use Russian as the language of instruction (27% of all students) for 40% of subjects (the remaining 60% of subjects are taught in Latvian). [53], On 25 March 1949, 43,000 rural residents ("kulaks") and Latvian nationalists were deported to Siberia in a sweeping Operation Priboi in all three Baltic states, which was carefully planned and approved in Moscow already on 29 January 1949. Jul [171], The transport sector is around 14% of GDP. Big European events have been celebrated in Riga such as the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 and the European Film Awards 2014. [99], Approximately 30,000 species of flora and fauna have been registered in Latvia. Latvia's highest point is Gaiziņkalns, 311.6 m (1,022 ft). [133][134] In 2011, the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities "urged Latvia to allow non-citizens to vote in municipal elections. [184] In 2011, there were even fewer Latvians than in 1989, though their share of the population was larger – 1,285,136 (62.1% of the population).[185]. [113] Joint Nordic-Baltic co-operation initiatives include the education programme NordPlus[114] and mobility programmes for public administration,[115] business and industry[116] and culture. [56]:78–96 The occupation was followed immediately by SS Einsatzgruppen troops who were to act in accordance with the Nazi Generalplan Ost which required the population of Latvia to be cut by 50 percent. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around -5°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds. Winds SSE at 10 to 15 mph. [citation needed] With the onset of World War II, many Latvian artists and other members of the cultural elite fled the country yet continued to produce their work, largely for a Latvian émigré audience. A History of Rome, M Cary and HH Scullard, p455-457, Macmillan Press. The coldest season / winter is in the months of January, February and December. [180] In 2017 there were 1 054 433 female and 895 683 male living in Latvian territory. [citation needed] Latvia was one of the EuroBasket 2015 hosts. The borders of historical and cultural regions usually are not explicitly defined and in several sources may vary. [109][110][111], Since the early 1990s, Latvia has been involved in active trilateral Baltic states co-operation with its neighbours Estonia and Lithuania, and Nordic-Baltic co-operation with the Nordic countries. Oak (Quercus robur, Latvian: ozols), and linden (Tilia cordata, Latvian: liepa) are Latvia's national trees and the daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare, Latvian: pīpene) its national flower. On 18 February 2012, Latvia held a constitutional referendum on whether to adopt Russian as a second official language. The war of independence that followed was part of a general chaotic period of civil and new border wars in Eastern Europe. This aroused popular protests against the USSR and also gave rise to an increasing popularity of poetry. By 1959 about 400,000 Russian settlers arrived and the ethnic Latvian population had fallen to 62%.[72]. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Virtually all of the previously state-owned small and medium companies have been privatised, leaving only a small number of politically sensitive large state companies. Coordinates: 57°N 25°E / 57°N 25°E / 57; 25, – in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]. The national account deficit for 2007, for example, represented more than 22% of the GDP for the year while inflation was running at 10%. The 19th century and beginning of the 20th century is often regarded by Latvians as a classical era of Latvian culture. [205], The Latvian Song and Dance Festival is an important event in Latvian culture and social life. More than 1.2 million texts and 30,000 melodies of folk songs have been identified. [81] The government denationalized private property confiscated by the Soviets, returning it or compensating the owners for it, and privatized most state-owned industries, reintroducing the prewar currency. And from 70 females are 2,3 times more than males. The weather and climate of Latvia is suitable for a winter sports.. Latvia showed signs of economic recovery, and the electorate had steadily moved toward the centre during the parliamentary period. [120] The Enhanced Partnership in Northern Europe or e-Pine is the U.S. Department of State diplomatic framework for co-operation with the Nordic-Baltic countries. Accurate live weather forecasts, monthly weather averages and beautiful live and archived HD webcam footage let you see every season, every sunrise, sunset and rainbow in Riga, Latvia . [26] The Russian population is largely Eastern Orthodox Christians. 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