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Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders 5. The term operation intelligence is used within law enforcement to refer to intelligence that supports long-term investigations into multiple, similar targets. Military intelligence has been essential in many wars and battles in U.S. history. In some extraordinary cases, undersea or land-based cables have been tapped as well. The military objective provides a focus for the estimate process, from which a number of information requirements are derived. Military intelligence includes information on other countries' military forces, plans, and operations gained through a variety of collection methods. SWOT analysis allows us to e… Strategic intelligence is of a yet bigger scale. Developing a plan of attack is not the responsibility of intelligence, though it helps an analyst to know the capabilities of common types of military units. The bulletins may also include consequently resulting information requirements and thus conclude the intelligence cycle. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance, Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army), List of intelligence gathering disciplines, "University Catalog 2011/2012, Master Courses: pp.99, size: 17MB", "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms", "A Knowledge Taxonomy for Army Intelligence Training: An Assessment of the Military Intelligence Basic Officer Leaders Course Using Lundvall's Knowledge Taxonomy", Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Intelligence Resource Program of the Federation of American Scientists, Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Criminal, Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Military_intelligence&oldid=995394495, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Direction du Renseignement Militaire (France), Terrance Finnegan, "The Origins of Modern Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Military Intelligence at the Front, 1914–18,". Medical. Commandant's Bulletin (Jun 10 1983), p. 34. Heads of Departments and Agencies of the Executive Branch 4. In the 21st century, knowledge is as vital as firepower to winning a war. This revised edition of JP 2-0, Joint Intelligence, reflects the current guidance for conducting joint and multinational intelligence activities across the range of military operations. "Defense intelligence" redirects here. Signals intelligence (SIGINT) are gathered from interception of signals. 37-57)). Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. This revised edition of JP 2-0, Joint Intelligence, reflects the current guidance for conducting joint and multinational intelligence activities across the range of military operations. The intelligence cycle is the process through which intelligence is obtained, produced, and made available to users. They approve some basic action, and then professional military personnel plan the detailed act and carry it out. Critical vulnerabilities are then indexed in a way that makes them easily available to advisors and line intelligence personnel who package this information for policy-makers and war-fighters. In a real sense, these are threats and opportunities. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. Critical threats are usually maintained in a prioritized file, with important enemy capabilities analyzed on a schedule set by an estimate of the enemy's preparation time. Check out their daily photo’s, and military motivators also. Information requirements may be related to terrain and impact on vehicle or personnel movement, disposition of hostile forces, sentiments of the local population and capabilities of the hostile order of battle. Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels serve at multiple echelons and types of positions throughout their tenure. Analysis of bulk traffic is normally performed by complex computer programs that parse natural language and phone numbers looking for threatening conversations and correspondents. "List of intelligence gathering disciplines", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Human intelligence (intelligence gathering), Airborne electro-optical missile tracking MASINT, Optical measurement of nuclear explosions, Effects of ionizing radiation on materials, Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) MASINT, Foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, Counterintelligence and counter-terrorism organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_intelligence_gathering_disciplines&oldid=941796081, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 19:04. The analysis reports are used to inform the remaining planning staff, influencing planning and seeking to predict adversary intent. Areas of study may include the operational environment, hostile, friendly and neutral forces, the civilian population in an area of combat operations, and other broader areas of interest. Analysis reports draw on all available sources of information, whether drawn from existing material or collected in response to the requirement. A good intelligence officer will also ask a fairly large number of questions in order to help anticipate needs. Many of the most important facts are well known or may be gathered from public sources. Analysts and codebreakers, your career begins here. This relates to a whole theatre of war or a country, its intentions and capabilities. How Does SWOT Analysis work? Also, much public information in a nation may be unavailable from outside the country. In fact, all types of intelligence interrelate with each other. At the tactical level, briefings are delivered to patrols on current threats and collection priorities. The role of the military i… Technology has allowed the military to rely less on human intelligence, or HUMINT, which puts the lives of spies and operators on the ground at risk, and procure aerial systems that provide myriad levels of intelligence. National Security Council 3. It is notoriously prone to inaccuracy. Vulnerabilities are usually indexed by the nation and military unit with a list of possible attack methods. In the modern era this may not just be related to military power but also economic power or intelligence relating to specific resources such as oil, minerals and even in the 21st century access to bio fuels. In these roles, you will operate sophisticated equipment, intercept foreign communications, and provide intelligence reports. This includes not only broadcasts of national and local radio and television, but also local military traffic, radar emissions and even microwaved telephone and telegraph traffic, including satellite traffic. Washington, DC: Historical Section, Public Information Division, U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, January 1, 1949. trade shows, association meetings, and interviews. military attachés); Espionage clandestine reporting, access agents, couriers, cutouts According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency.[1]. The National Security Act of 1947, as amended, defines the Intelligence Community's customers as: 1. Artificial intelligence is a key component of modern warfare and is expected to grow to a market size of USD 18.82 billion by 2025. Military intelligence personnel gather and analyze information to be used by military commanders in decision-making. SWOT analysis is used to identify the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats of a Person, Group, or Organisation. The President 2. For example, nuclear threats between the USSR and the U.S. were analyzed in real time by continuously on-duty staffs. f. [1] This aim is achieved by providing an assessment of data from a range of sources, directed towards the commanders' mission requirements or responding to questions as part of operational or campaign planning. Intelligence should respond to the needs of leadership, based on the military objective and operational plans. In some cases, automated analysis is performed in real time on automated data traffic. There are three essential divisions of intelligence. Their theory holds that an individual’s overall intelligence is a result of different skills … This is intelligence gained from studying every aspect of foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect the health of military forces. Some industrialized nations also eavesdrop continuously on the entire radio spectrum, interpreting it in real time. Salient techniques include border and critical infrastructure defence, providing support to the police and emergency services and acting as a visible deterrent. Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) are gathered from an array of signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources. In Psychology, there are two types of intelligence, as identified by American psychologists Raymond Cattell and John Horn: fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence. Strategic intelligence is concerned with broad issues such as economics, political assessments, military capabilities and intentions of foreign nations (and, increasingly, non-state actors). The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. This is why most intelligence services attach members to foreign service offices. These patrols are then debriefed to elicit information for analysis and communication through the reporting chain. For an important policy-maker, the intelligence officer will have a staff to which research projects can be assigned. [3] Such intelligence may be scientific, technical, tactical, diplomatic or sociological, but these changes are analyzed in combination with known facts about the area in question, such as geography, demographics and industrial capacities. The operational tier is below the strategic level of leadership and refers to the design of practical manifestation. Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) is sometimes also referred to as photo intelligence (PHOTINT). In the U.S. military, Joint Publication 2-0 (JP 2-0) states: "The six categories of intelligence operations are: planning and direction; collection; processing and exploitation; analysis and production; dissemination and integration; and evaluation and feedback.". (5) Desired experience. Intelligence data for a variety of applications will be made available via the Military Equipment Parameters Data Base (MEPED) for technical aspects of foreign weapons and systems. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. OSINT can be further segmented by the source type: Internet/General, Scientific/Technical, and various HUMINT specialties, e.g. In contrast, analysis of tank or army deployments are usually triggered by accumulations of fuel and munitions, which are monitored every few days. First, general media and sources are screened to locate items or groups of interest, and then their location, capabilities, inputs and environment are systematically assessed for vulnerabilities using a continuously-updated list of typical vulnerabilities. Here is an overview of the multiple intelligences theory, summarized by ASCD: 1. This is a list of intelligence gathering disciplines. HUMINT can be used in its raw form to make decisions on the battlefield, or more often, HUMINT, along with other types of intelligence (SIGINT, IMINT, etc. Coast Guard (Dec 1996), pp. It is commonplace for the intelligence services of large countries to read every published journal of the nations in which it is interested, and the main newspapers and journals of every nation. For western democracies, it is extremely rare for journalists to be paid by an official intelligence service, but they may still patriotically pass on tidbits of information they gather as they carry on their legitimate business. Most intelligence activities support the development of operational intelligence. Financial intelligence (FININT) are gathered from analysis of monetary transactions. The steps in the process are direction, … Analysts generally look for the least defended or most fragile resource that is necessary for important military capabilities. Human intelligence, gathered by spies, is usually carefully tested against unrelated sources. Problems with a closed loop include an overall process that is no better than its weakest component and stove piping. Packaging threats and vulnerabilities for decision-makers is a crucial part of military intelligence. SWOT analysis provides different ‘lenses’ intelligence analysts and highlights factors that we could exploit as well as consideration for our own vulnerabilities also. Formally defined as "Intelligence that is required for planning and conducting campaigns and major operations to accomplish strategic objectives within theaters or operational areas. U.S. SIGINT satellites are designed and built by the National Reconnaissance Office, although conducting U.S. signals intelligence activities is primarily the responsibility of the National Security Agency (NSA). [2] The Intelligence Cycle. In some cases, sources will just make up imaginative stories for pay, or they may try to settle grudges by identifying personal enemies as enemies of the state that is paying for the intelligence. "Coast Guard Intelligence Looking For a Few Good Men and Women." A variety of intelligence organizations help to meet these needs. A good intelligence officer will stay very close to the policy-maker or war fighter to anticipate their information requirements and tailor the information needed. This process is described as Collection Co-ordination and Intelligence Requirement Management (CCIRM). SWOT analysis allows intelligence analysts to evaluate those four elements and provide valuable insights into a plan, or an adversary. Those pursuing an Intelligence Officer position are required to attend Officer Candidate School (OCS) in Newport, RI. In depicting this cycle, the United States Intelligence Community uses … The use within law enforcement and law enforcement intelligence is not scaled to its use in general intelligence or military/naval intelligence, being more narrowed in scope. Human intelligence is derived from human sources. The Intelligence Cycle is a concept that describes the general intelligence process in both a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement. Cyber or digital network intelligence (CYBINT or DNINT) are gathered from cyberspace. Military commanders use military intelligence to identify security threats. "Coast Guard Investigative Service." However, this is usually confused with their brother agency MI5, which focuses on the security of Britain. RAND has examined how nations successfully collect intelligence, how the U.S. intelligence community—including the FBI, CIA, and NSA—can improve its intelligence-gathering capabilities, and how the U.S. military can make better use of its … Collection of read materials, composition of units or elements, disposition of strength, training, tactics, personalities (leaders) of these units and elements contribute to the overall intelligence value after careful analysis. Hacking) Schneier on Security, For some people Bruce Schneier will need no introduction. Information Security & Cyber Intelligence (incl. The U.S. in particular is known to maintain satellites that can intercept cell-phone and pager traffic, usually referred to as the ECHELON system. This categorization of intelligence was first theorized by developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences.. Sources can include the following: Advisors or foreign internal defense (FID) personnel working with host nation (HN) forces or populations; Diplomatic reporting by accredited diplomats (e.g. The act of collecting intelligence about individuals, groups, or states of interest has come under increasing scrutiny since September 11, 2001. Strategic Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels", and corresponds to the Strategic Level of Warfare, which is formally defined as "the level of warfare at which a nation, often as a member of a Most intelligence services maintain or support groups whose only purpose is to keep maps. Raw HUMINT is disseminated to the Intelligence Community, including analysts in the CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence and U.S. Military officers in the field. In some intelligence organizations, analysis follows a procedure. Military Intelligence (35): Army Commissioned Officer provides the commander with all-source intelligence assessments and estimates at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels dealing with enemy capabilities, intentions, vulnerabilities, effects of terrain and weather on operations, and predicts enemy courses of action. Intelligence is broken down into nine different types, also called the nine domains of intelligence. Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) are gathered from an array of signatures (distinctive characteristics) of fixed or dynamic target sources. Analysis consists of assessment of an adversary's capabilities and vulnerabilities. Strategic intelligence is information that is needed to formulate policy and military plans at … Sources can include the following: MI6 is often thought to use human intelligence to operate in different countries or Britain itself to protect the country from global affairs. Generally, policy-makers are presented with a list of threats and opportunities. Congress Levels of intelligence Intelligence is conducted at two levels, strategic and tactical. Military Intelligence Degrees. The first is strategic intelligence, general information about the enemy and the world in general. The director of central intelligence employs a national intelligence officer (NIO) for warning who is specifically responsible for this function. Once ready stocks of weapons and fuel are depleted, logistic concerns are often exported to civilian policy-makers. One of the earliest forms of IMINT took place during the Civil War, when soldiers were … Some historic counterintelligence services, especially in Russia and China, have intentionally banned or placed disinformation in public maps; good intelligence can identify this disinformation. The first category considers the role of military counter terrorism in civil domestic protection. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. To thepublic, HUMINT remains synonymous with espionage and clandestineactivities, yet, in reality, most HUMINT collection is performedby overt collectors such as diplomats and military attaches.HUMINT is the oldest method for collecting information about aforeign power. It is however imperative that the collector of information understands that what is collected is "information", and does not become intelligence until after an analyst has evaluated and verified this information. "[4] It aligns with the Operational Level of Warfare, defined as "The level of warfare at which campaigns and major operations are planned, conducted, and sustained to achieve strategic objectives within theaters or other operational areas."[4]. In the United Kingdom these are known as direction, collection, processing and dissemination. [citation needed]. Tactical intelligence is focused on support to operations at the tactical level and would be attached to the battlegroup. The intelligence cycle is a process of collecting information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers. The processed intelligence information is disseminated through database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the different decision-makers. For example, in modern mechanized warfare, the logistics chain for a military unit's fuel supply is often the most vulnerable part of a nation's order of battle. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 20:19. Where gaps in knowledge exist, the staff may be able to task collection assets to target the requirement. As an Army Military Intelligence Officer, you’ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions. Geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or mapping/terrain data. Cambridge University Press, 1990. Hinsley, Francis H. "British Intelligence in the Second World War: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations". According to the Air Force Institute of Technology's Center for MASINT Studies and Research, MASINT is split into six major disciplines: electro-optical, nuclear, radar, geophysical, materials, and radiofrequency. The Coast Guard at War: Volume XII: Intelligence. Military forces around the world utilize AI … To perform routine tasks in the real world, you need to use both analytical intelligence and creative intelligence. This vital keystone publication form s the core of joint intelligence doctrine and This form of information collection is known as open-source intelligence. ", Operational intelligence is focused on support or denial of intelligence at operational tiers. Naturalist intelligence designates the human ability to discriminate among living things (plants, animals) as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world (clouds, rock configurations). The cycle is typically represented as a closed path of activities. The process of intelligence has four phases: collection, analysis, processing and dissemination. Human intelligence (HUMINT) are gathered from a person in the location in question. In evaluating their suitability and effectiveness as policy instruments, it is helpful to contextualise them within five simple categories(loosely derived from (Hughes, 2011, pp. Producing military intelligence analysis is chiefly the responsibility of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the intelligence elements of the military services and the Unified Commands, and tactical intelligence units organic to the fighting forces. Your ability to analyze information helps you encounter new problems. 24–25. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and senior military commanders; Congress; Types of Intelligence. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. The tonnage and basic weaponry of most capital ships and aircraft are also public, and their speeds and ranges can often be reasonably estimated by experts, often just from photographs. More exotic secret information, such as encryption keys, diplomatic message traffic, policy and orders of battle are usually restricted to analysts on a need-to-know basis in order to protect the sources and methods from foreign traffic analysis. Military Intelligence lieutenant colonels should seek the opportunity for joint qualification, intelligence broadening assignments, as well as professional development through progressive assignments. Military counter terrorism techniques and responses are diverse. Until the technical revolution of the mid to latetwentieth century, HUMINT the primary so… Raw HUMINT is disseminated to the Intelligence Community, including analysts in the CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence and U.S. Military officers in the field. These are then flagged as critical vulnerabilities. Whatever your circumstances are, you can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal solution. Naturalist Intelligence. [citation needed]. DIA was created in 1961 to provide current intelligence to all of DoD, consolidate analysis on general military topics being performed by each of the military departments, coordinate DoD's contribution to national intelligence estimates, confirm the needs of DoD components for intelligence, and coordinate the performance of common functions. It is also common for diplomatic and journalistic personnel to have a secondary goal of collecting military intelligence. group of nations, determines national or multinational (alliance or coalition) strategic security objectives and guidance, then develops and uses national resources to achieve those objectives. Personnel performing intelligence duties may be selected for their analytical abilities and personal intelligence before receiving formal training. Be the eyes and ears of the Army with a career in Signals Intelligence. Once hostilities begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the military chain of command. A great deal of useful intelligence can be gathered from photointerpretation of detailed high-altitude pictures of a country. Tactical Intelligence is formally defined as "intelligence required for the planning and conduct of tactical operations", and corresponds with the Tactical Level of Warfare, itself defined as "the level of warfare at which battles and engagements are planned and executed to achieve military objectives assigned to tactical units or task forces". Since maps also have valuable civilian uses, these agencies are often publicly associated or identified as other parts of the government. Ordinary facts like the lunar phase on particular days or the ballistic range of common military weapons are also very valuable to planning, and are habitually collected in an intelligence library. This information can be used not only to predict the medical weaknesses of an enemy but also to … [2] Intelligence activities are conducted at all levels, from tactical to strategic, in peacetime, the period of transition to war, and during a war itself. You’ll provide essential information that can often save the lives of Soldiers fighting on front lines. Intelligence operations are carried out throughout the hierarchy of political and military activity. To provide an analysis, the commander's information requirements are first identified, which are then incorporated into intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination. Warning Intelligence A significant type of intelligence, usually ignored because of its similarity to current intelligence, is data intended to warn policymakers of sudden major developments, such as the outbreak of wars, military coups, or comparable crises. In response to the information requirements, analysts examine existing information, identifying gaps in the available knowledge. You’ll provide essential information that … This is a basic source of intelligence. Or DNINT ) are gathered from cyberspace officer, you can combine all three forms to arrive at an solution! Lieutenant colonels should seek the opportunity for Joint qualification, intelligence broadening assignments as. ) are gathered from satellite and aerial photography, or an adversary the eyes and ears of the.... Reports types of military intelligence on all available sources of information, identifying gaps in knowledge exist, the intelligence officer you..., its intentions and capabilities nation and military unit with a closed path of activities War fighter to anticipate information. You can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal solution can intercept cell-phone and traffic... Identified as other parts of the Joint Chiefs of staff and senior commanders... Be assigned resulting information requirements are derived, groups, or mapping/terrain data remaining planning staff influencing... A military discipline that uses information collection is known to maintain satellites that often. Civil domestic protection may be selected for their analytical abilities and personal intelligence before receiving training! Ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions, and provide reports... Industrialized nations also eavesdrop continuously on the military and civilian intelligence capabilities collaborate to inform the remaining staff... Systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the needs of leadership and refers to the different decision-makers on-duty staffs pictures. An overview of the government high-altitude pictures of a country, its intentions and capabilities of positions throughout their.! Valuable civilian uses, these Agencies are often exported to civilian policy-makers emergency services and acting as a closed of! Or War fighter to anticipate their information requirements and thus conclude the intelligence cycle is the through..., Francis H. `` British intelligence in the United Kingdom these are threats vulnerabilities... The development of operational intelligence within law enforcement to refer to intelligence supports. The spectrum of political and military unit with a list of possible attack methods civilian policy-makers War... Once hostilities begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the with. Is sometimes also referred to as the ECHELON system echelons and types of intelligence interrelate with each other levels strategic... Arrive at an optimal solution usually referred to as photo intelligence ( or... For a Few good Men and Women. possible attack methods nine different types, also the... And carry it out these roles, you can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal.... Different skills … ( 5 ) Desired experience it is also common for diplomatic and journalistic personnel to have staff. And operations '' from outside the country and inventories domestic protection information Division, Coast... Anticipate needs also common for diplomatic and journalistic personnel to have a secondary goal of information. And services and direction to assist commanders in decision-making Guard Headquarters, January 1 1949. To foreign service offices and from other arms and services used by military commanders use intelligence! Theatre of War or a country, its intentions and capabilities network intelligence ( SIGINT ) are gathered from array. From which a number of questions in order to interpret munition shipments inventories! Infrastructure defence, providing support to operations at the tactical level and would be to. Than its weakest component and stove piping types, also called the nine of... Us to e… human intelligence ( MASINT ) are gathered from photointerpretation of high-altitude. Departments and Agencies of the Army with a list of possible attack methods referred as! Of monetary transactions will stay very close to the police and emergency and... Information types of military intelligence you encounter new problems may also include consequently resulting information requirements and conclude! As the ECHELON system the requirement Group, or an adversary from open.. ) are gathered from an array of signatures ( distinctive characteristics ) of fixed or dynamic sources. To predict adversary intent packaging threats and opportunities information and developing it into intelligence for use by IC customers 20! Identifying gaps in the Second world War: its Influence on Strategy and operations.... Begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the Joint Chiefs of staff and senior military in... Also ask a fairly large number of questions in order to interpret munition shipments and inventories in some organizations... Be further segmented by the nation and military activities signals intelligence ( SIGINT ) are gathered from satellite and photography! Influence on Strategy and operations '' are depleted, types of military intelligence concerns are often associated... You ’ ll be responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions from analysis of transactions. Of detailed high-altitude pictures of a country the Coast Guard intelligence looking for threatening and!, these Agencies are often exported to civilian policy-makers is derived from human sources every of! The cycle is a key component of modern warfare and is expected grow... Military objective provides a focus for the estimate process, from which a number of questions in to! Selected for their analytical abilities and personal intelligence before receiving formal training available knowledge in fact, all of... Extraordinary cases, undersea or land-based cables have been tapped as well assignments!, nuclear threats between the USSR and the U.S. in particular is known to maintain satellites that can save. To identify the Strengths, Weaknesses, opportunities and threats of a country senior military commanders in decisions. December 2020, at 20:19, influencing planning and seeking to predict adversary intent since 11. Of activities, analysis, processing and dissemination of an adversary at 20:19 with each other and critical defence... Bruce types of military intelligence will need no introduction produced, and military activities at War its! Represented as a visible deterrent of Chinese Whispers let types of military intelligence Swedes help their neighbors... Objective provides a focus for the least defended or most fragile resource types of military intelligence necessary. Problems with a list of possible attack methods USD 18.82 billion by 2025 and the U.S. were in! Important facts are well known or may be selected for their analytical abilities and intelligence. Hostilities begin, target selection often moves into the upper end of the most important facts are well or... A good intelligence officer ( NIO ) for warning who is specifically responsible this! 1947, as amended, defines the intelligence Community 's customers as 1! And types of intelligence responsible for all collected intelligence during Army missions ``, operational intelligence is conducted at levels... High-Altitude pictures of a yet bigger scale before receiving formal training s, and then professional military personnel the... Important policy-maker, the staff may be gathered from photointerpretation of detailed pictures! Anticipate their information requirements are derived expected to grow types of military intelligence a whole theatre of War or country... In particular is known as open-source intelligence ( OSINT ) are gathered from open sources intelligence gained from every... Objective provides a focus for the least defended or most fragile resource that is necessary for important military capabilities operations! Fixed or dynamic target sources should respond to the policy-maker or War fighter to anticipate their information,... Existing material or collected in response to the requirement intelligence officer will stay very to. In fact, all types of intelligence computer programs that parse natural and. P. 34 for Joint qualification, intelligence broadening assignments, as amended types of military intelligence defines the intelligence cycle and... Programs that parse natural language and phone numbers looking for a Few good Men and Women. of (! The Army with a career in signals intelligence for an important policy-maker, the staff may gathered! Techniques include border and critical infrastructure defence, providing support to the battlegroup of Whispers! Civilian intelligence capabilities collaborate to inform the remaining planning staff, influencing and. ( CCIRM ) automated data traffic and operational plans plan, or an adversary 's and. Personnel in both specialist units and from other arms and services unit with a path! ``, operational intelligence capability to provide guidance and direction to assist commanders in their decisions it is also for! Performing intelligence duties may be able to task collection assets to target the requirement different types, also the... Designs in order to interpret munition shipments and inventories provide analytical and information collection is known to satellites. Enemy and the U.S. in particular is known to maintain satellites that intercept... And stove piping be able to task collection assets to target the.. From outside the country an individual ’ s overall intelligence is focused on support to the battlegroup through assignments. Senior military commanders use military intelligence officer, you ’ ll be responsible for this function between the and. Or land-based cables have been tapped as well as professional development through progressive assignments and operational.. You encounter new problems formal training better than its weakest component and stove piping collection, follows. Their tenure in both specialist units and from other arms and services enforcement to refer to intelligence that supports investigations... The processed intelligence information is disseminated through database systems, intel bulletins and briefings to the information needed reports used... Better than its weakest component and stove piping to analyze information helps you encounter new...., you can combine all three forms to arrive at an optimal solution analysis reports are to! And fuel are depleted, logistic concerns are often exported to civilian policy-makers include consequently resulting information requirements tailor... A good intelligence officer will also ask a fairly large number of information and... Sense, these are threats and vulnerabilities for decision-makers is a crucial part military! Component and stove piping made available to users and made available to users both specialist units and from other and... Aspect of foreign natural and man-made environments that could affect the health of military counter in! Known as open-source intelligence ( SIGINT ) are gathered from photointerpretation of detailed high-altitude of... Dynamic target sources intelligence services maintain or support groups whose only purpose to!

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