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Paul Deslandes

She protected the needy, providing food and shelter during hard times. Information about Sumerian Gods and Goddesses is found on the Sumerian King List as well as Sumerian clay tablets and cylinder seals. Sky God who ruled heaven, ruled the great ranges of the snow clad Hindukush, the Karakoram and the Himalayas. Heaven consisted of the sky and the space above the sky which was called the “great above” where the sky gods lived. The 7 Lesser Gods and Goddesses Ancient Sumerian Anunnaki. Heaven is the Indus empire, earth represents Sumer and its various kingdoms, and the underworld represents the region south of Mesopotamia that include the islands in the Persian Gulf. The 10 Oldest Ancient Civilizations That Have Ever Existed, Top 10 Most Worshiped Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses, Top 10 Inventions and Discoveries of Ancient Greece…, Top 11 Inventions and Discoveries of Mesopotamia, Epic of Gilgamesh: Summary in 10 Interesting Points, Top 10 Sumerian Inventions and Discoveries, Top 21 Fascinating Facts about the Ancient Persian Empire, Top 12 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Sumer, Top 13 Surprising and Fascinating Facts about Ancient Babylonia, Top 12 Fascinating Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia. Sarpanit: A mother goddess and the consort of the chief god, Marduk. The union of An and Ki produced Enlil (the air god), who went on to separate the heaven father An from the earth mother Ki. Marduk, who to the Sumerians was just another god, was the leader of the gods to the Babylonians. Anunnaki has been considered to be the descendants of An and his spouse, the earth goddess Ki. Inanna descended to the nether world and approached Ereshkigal’s temple of lapis lazuli. He represented the brilliant light of the sun, which returns every day to illuminate the lives of mankind, as well as providing the warmth to enable the plants to grow. There were more than 3,000 Sumerian gods and goddesses, and the four most well-known gods in the Sumerian religion were An, Ki, Enlil and Enki. A list of deities from Sumerian mythology. Sumerians are an early civilization to have Gods of Wealth. The Sumerian King List records all the rulers of Earth back over 400,000 years. Many Mesopotamian Gods have Sumerian … They were thought to be the offspring of the goddess Nammu and were originally united as one. The city of Babylon was built to honor the great god Marduk. Enlil was ranked higher of the two, but Enki created man. Many Babylonian Gods and Goddesses originate from the Sumerian beliefs. In many books, he is described as a violent and destructive god, but it is clear that in the myths, he was a friendly, fatherly god, who ensured the safety and wellbeing of all humans, particularly the inhabitants of Sumer. See more ideas about Ishtar, Sumerian, Gods and goddesses. Not all gods and goddesses of the ancient Sumerian culture were created equally. He therefore had the moon god Nanna brighten the darkness of his house, followed by the sun god Utu, who became even greater than his father. You will therefore notice many similarities in their characteristics and themes. In some myths, Enki was said to be the son of the sky-god An, and in others the son of the primordial cosmic ocean Namma. When air moved above earth (or when Enlil united with his mother Ki) and received the aid of water (Enki), plants and animals came into being. The cult of Utu can be traced back to very early times. A God of wealth called Bogu and a Babylonian god of fortune related to the God Marduk named Ziku are the two Sumerian Gods of Wealth. Earth was Sumer, it was created by the migrants from the Indus Valley. Nanshe: Associated with fishing, justice, prophecy and fertility. An was the great god in heaven and his two sons were Enki who was sent to Earth first and then Enlil. The cult of Utu can be traced back to very early times. Ki is the Sumerian word for earth, and she was personified as a goddess and female counterpart to An (the heaven god). Nanna and his wife Ningal were the parents of Utu, the sun god, who was said to “rise in the mountains of the east and set in the mountains of the west.”. It talked about a lot of things from high magick to vampirism and even a great war. His daughter was Mamu, one of several goddesses associated with dreams (mamud being the Sumerian word for dream). They have human personality traits and frailties and live together in family groups. In Sumerian poetry, he was concerned with every aspect of human life and organized every feature of the civilized world in great detail. It was rich in grains, gold, and lapis lazuli. Many other Sumerian gods and goddesses were thought to be his children in different myths. His storms and hurricanes, evidences of his anger against his foes, brought darkness, want, and death. He was represented with flowing streams of water and swimming fishes. Inanna: Goddess of love, war, and fertility. Many other gods and goddesses would soon be born and lived in great cities in the land between the two rivers. This cosmological shift may have been caused by the gr… We know that they were pantheistic and their gods were the personification of the elements and natural forces. Together with An, there was Nanna, the moon god; Enlil, the air god; and his wife Ninlil, the air goddess. Nanna brought light to the dark lapis lazuli sky. During his journey across the skies, he saw everything. Though Inanna was brought to life, she had to produce a substitute to take her place in the nether world. Ninlil followed her mother’s instructions and as a consequence was impregnated by “the water” of Enlil and conceived the moon god Nanna. The air produced the moon, then the moon produced the sun. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. These tablets gave him control over the fate of man and made him very powerful. The Sumerian King List records all the rulers of Earth back over 400,000 years. One of them is Utu , … He is represented as the tragic victim of Inanna’s love and hate. Gods and Goddesses. Enki was always seen as favoring mankind. The Sumerian Goddesses and Gods were the foundation upon which their society was based. In Western mythology and religious tradition, ancient Sumer had lush vegetation and unpredictable water resources. This region is literally heaven. He was the patron deity of Eridu, and his most important cult center was the E-abzu or Abzu House at Eridu. Her sacred animal was the dog, and small model dogs were dedicated to her by her followers. Sumerian mythology greatly influenced the myths of later civilisations including those of the Greeks, and Babylonians. Below is a list of the main Sumerian Goddesses with details on their main area of influence and alternative spellings. Anunnaki- Sumerian Gods and Goddesses Anunnaki – Sumerian God of Sky Anunnaki is the resultant of An, which is the Sumerian god of the sky. She was worshiped in different areas under different names such as Nintinuga, Ninkarrak, Meme, and the best known of all, Ninisina or “the lady of Isin.” These were all originally the names of other goddesses. Main Gods and Goddesses. These are the Goddesses of creation and destruction. Ancient civilizations gave equal opportunity to deities of either gender, but with the passage of time, the Sumerian Gods took a greater role and the goddesses receded in the background. Nammu was originally a personification of the primeval sea as the beginning of the world and one of the mother goddesses. Inanna, twin of Utu/Shamash, children of Nannar/Sin, first born on Earth of Enlil. The Babylonians, Assyrians, and Akkadians that lived for about thousands of years prior to the common era are all covered in the Sumerian civilization. The other gods worked for Marduk, with some being much more important than others. Sumerian Mythology: Captivating Myths of Gods, Goddesses, and Legendary Creatures of Ancient Sumer and Their Importance to the Sumerians [Clayton, Matt] on Amazon.com. "The Sumerians believed that the first thing that existed was the primordial sea (associated with the goddess Nammu), from which emerged heaven (An) and earth (Ki), united as though they were a large mountain in the midst of the sea. Associated with the moon, Sin was represented as the bull, with the symbol alluding to the resemblance of the waxing moon to the horns of the animal. The principal temple of Utu, called E-babbar or White House was at Sippar. Shala, the Goddess of Grain and Compassion Shala is a Sumerian goddess and a mountain on Venus, the Shala Mons, has been named after her. The goddess Gula (whose name means “great”) was a healing goddess who understood disease and became the patroness of doctors. For example, the city of Babylon was said to have been built on top of the abzu.Sumerian texts about Enki often include … I deciphered the ‘fish’ sign and found that it represents woman. Inanna visited the underworld and told her vizier, or advisor, Ninshubur that if she did not return after three days, he was to alert the gods. Sumerian Gods and Goddesses Sumerian Gods Is Anu holding the symbolic Holy Grail of a Bloodline he created? Finally, man was created by the joint efforts of Nammu, the primeval sea, Ninurta mother-earth, and Enki, the water-god.". According to Sumerian poetry, the goddess Ninmah acted as a midwife. Although one of the most important deities, An was ill-defined and he is represented in art with obscure iconography and attributes. This course includes the most important and highly worshiped deities from as long ago as 5000 BC. Apart from An, Enlil, Enki and Inanna, there were three other deities that make up the seven most important gods and goddesses of the Sumerian pantheon. Goddess of childbirth. Sister of Inanna. The Assyrians and Babylonians called it 'Marduk', after their chief god. Especially among the rulers who hated each other even though they were siblings. There is no place on earth that is so beautiful and so fertile. According to legend, it was both Enlil and Enki who sent Labar, the cattle god, and Ashnan, the grain goddess, from heaven to earth to give mankind cattle and grain. She was also famous for taking one hundred divine decrees governing all cultural and political achievements which made up the Sumerian civilization in Enki. This course may be subject to changes. Sumerian Gods Some of the Sumerian gods and goddesses included: Anu - Sometimes called An, Anu was the god of the heavens and king of the gods. Gula gave birth to the healing god Damu, and to the god Ninazu (also associated with healing). Ereshkigal, goddess of death and gloom, inhabited this nether world and was the older sister and bitter enemy of Inanna, the goddess of love and war. The gods, goddesses and demons, the motifs, symbols and religious beliefs of the several thousand years of Ninlil: Goddess of the air. After Enlil and Nanna both refused to help, Ninshubur went to Enki, the god of wisdom, who came to Inanna’s rescue. Ereshkigal: Originally a sky Goddess kidnapped and taken to the underworld where she became Queen. Information about Sumerian Gods and Goddesses is found on the Sumerian King List as well as Sumerian clay tablets and cylinder seals. Ki is also identified with the goddesses Ninmah, the great queen; Ninhursag, the queen of the cosmic mountain; Nintu, the queen who gives birth; and many more. His rains caused the land to bear grain and other food for his friends; hence his title Lord of Abundance. Sumerian or Akkadian name is used as appropriate, depending on the sources or periods referred to. It was first published in clay tablet form — we had to wait several thousand years for a paperback edition. In Sumerian tradition, he was represented with a saw knife and fiery rays. In Sumerian religion, the most powerful and important deities in the pantheon were the … Sumerian Gods & Goddesses . In Sumerian poetry, Damu is sometimes described as the daughter of Ninisina. She passed seven gates into the nether world, and her jewels were removed piece by piece as she walked until she was brought naked and on her knees before Ereshkigal who turned her into a corpse. In Sumerian tradition, he was represented with a saw knife and fiery rays. The legend is that Enlil found himself living in utter darkness in the sky. Their history is shrouded in mystery. Ki: The Earliest Sumerian earth Goddesses. She also had a sister, Ereskigal, who was queen of the underworld. The execution of these plans was left to Enki who was wise, skillful, handy, and resourceful. It is An who, in Sumerian tradition, took over heaven when it was separated from earth, creating the universe as we know it. Seven goddesses stood by to assist Nammu during the birth of mankind. In fact it’s a roller-coaster adventure with the Gods, containing fantasy, love, bloodshed and allegorical insights into the human condition. There was bitter rivalry among the three. The White Goddess Pantheons: Sumerian Gods and Goddesses. According to the some resources, these gods came from Nibiru - 'Planet of the Crossing.' His reach and importance, however, was far greater than just a city god, the moon god is clearly one of the most important deities in the wider pantheon of Mesopotamia. Also known as Ishtar. In art, Enki was represented as a seated god with a long beard surrounded by channels of water. There were hundreds of gods who were responsible for every thing in the world, from rivers and mountains to making bread or pottery. Ama -Arhus Fertility Goddess also known as Amat- Ama Arhus. Nammu: Represents the primeval sea from which she gave birth to the heavens (An) and to the earth mother (Ki). Damkina: An Earth mother Goddess also known as Damgalnuna. Nanshe: Associated with fishing, justice, prophecy and fertility. He was generally regarded as the offspring of Uras, or alternately of Ansar and Kisar. Sumerian Mythology: Captivating Myths of Gods, Goddesses, and Legendary Creatures of Ancient Sumer and Their Importance to the Sumerians In the Early Dynastic god lists, such as Fara SF 1, the moon god appears immediately after the four leading gods An, Enlil, Inana and Enki (Klein 2001: 290, and this important, albeit slightly junior position, is confirme… Here it is impossible for men to achieve any sort of paradise, which is reserved only for the immortal gods, not for mortal men. Gula: Goddess of healing and patron of medicine. He was called Anu by the Akkadians, rulers of Mesopotamia after the conquest of Sumer in 2334 BCE by King Sargon of Akkad. The Sumerians were the people that inhabited Mesopotamia before the Babylonians. In this article, you will encounter members of the Annunaki, which were ancient Sumerian gods and goddesses considered as coming from the "royal bloodlines" of the deities. His wife is the earth goddess Ki. About 3-4 years ago, I started researching ancient Egyptian spirituality. Enlil - The god of air, wind, and storms, Enlil held the Tablets of Destiny. The fire goddesses represent the element of fire in its many different forms; from the spectacular volcano Goddesses to the more benign Goddesses of the hearth fire. The city was then ruled by a priest king assisted by a wise council of elders made up of both men and woman. Jul 27, 2017 - Explore Mesopotamia's board "Ishtar" on Pinterest. During the middle of the 3rd millennium BCE, Sumerian deities became more anthrocentric and were "...nature gods transformed into city gods." In other religions, the faithful are afforded the comfort of life after death. She was either the wife of Ninurta, the god of war, or Abu, the god of plants. In Sumerian Mythology the Anunnaki were a pantheon of good and evil gods and goddesses (duality) who came to Earth to create the human race. She set the stage for the organization of the universe, the creation of man, and the establishment of civilization. He represented the brilliant light of the sun, which returns every day to illuminate the lives of mankind, as well as providing the warmth to enable the plants to grow. Ninkasi: Goddess of alcohol. Major Sumerian Gods and Goddesses Adad – Adad had a twofold aspect, being both the giver and the destroyer of life. Ningal: She is known as the "Great Lady" Goddess of reeds, the wife of the Moon God, Nanna and mother of Inanna. This huge stretch of time coupled with reigns into the thousands of years has caused most historians to reject its accuracy. Throughout Sumerian history, as a ruler of the Erech city-state, she was primarily responsible for sexual love and procreation as the life-giving goddess of love, ensuring the prosperity of the land and its people. An - A sky god, the cuneiform symbol for this god, "Dingir," was the same as that for heaven and for divinity in general, reflecting his prominence in the Sumerian pantheon. Queen of the mountains an aspect of the Earth Goddess Ki. Then to see better, Enlil begot the moon-god Nanna, who in turn begot the sun-god Utu, presumably to make the light brighter. It is important to cover Sumerian Goddesses as their stories come from what is believed to be one of the earliest civilizations on earth. Among these decrees were those referring to lordship, wisdom, understanding, victory, judgment, and decisions. The Greeks later referred to this area as Mesopotamia which means the land between the rivers ( the Tigris and Euphrates). Adad to Utu Nanna was one the patron deities of Ur. Inanna might have been popular, but she was a ways down the totem-pole. In many of the most important Sumerian cities, there was a close relationship between religion and government. The horned ‘fish’ signs undoubtedly represent Innana the goddess of love. He was the oldest god in the Sumerian pantheon, and part of a triad including Enlil, god of the sky and Enki, god of water. Nov 16, 2020 - Explore Sandra Jacobson's board "Gods and Goddesses" on Pinterest. Mesopotamian gods and goddesses are known from the literature of the Sumerian people, the oldest written language on our planet.Those stories were written down by city administrators whose jobs involved the upkeep of the religion, along with the upkeep of commerce and trade. Enki, the great Sumerian water god, was one of the four creation deities of Sumer, and the god of fresh water, male fertility, and knowledge. His most important role, however, was to offer the king “understanding, skill and knowledge.” Enki was a son of An, the heaven god. Ninhursag: Great Mother Goddess. The Sumerian expression for “universe” is an-ki, literally “heaven-earth.” The sky gods lived in heaven, while the earth, consisting of the surface of the earth and the space below which was called the “great below” was where the underworld or chthonic deities lived. The legendary city of Aratta was in the Indus Valley. Ishtar is the Akkadian counterpart to the Sumerian Inanna and to the cognate northwest Semitic goddess Astarte. She chose Dumuzi, the shepherd god and her spouse to go to the underworld. In Sumerian myth, An and Ki produced a variety of plants on the earth. Between heaven and earth came the air, whose main characteristic was expansion. It can be translated as the land of six cities and six rivers. Their gods An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna were the seven gods who “decreed the fates,” together with around 3,000 more. That is why Utu was known as a god of truth and justice. Utu was the son of Nanna, the moon god, and the twin brother of Inanna, the goddess of love and war. Like the Sumerians, the Babylonians spent time and effort in trying to make their gods happy. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Discussion and Lecture Presentation. Gods, Goddesses, Demons & Monsters The Mesopotamian scribes compiled long lists of their gods. An is the Sumerian word for heaven, and he represents the father of all the gods. (Foothills are hills that are near Various Sumerian poems are about Inanna and her love for Dumuzi and how she was ultimately responsible for his death. She was created by Ninhursag to heal Enki's ailing mouth, after he had eaten her grandchildren in the "Sumerian Paradise myth.". She helped breathe life into mankind after the Great Flood. Learn about the elemental Goddesses of Earth, Air, Wind and Fire. Sumerian and Hindu Gods and Goddesses In the world of Sumeria, Gods and Goddesses existed participating in the affairs of the Heavens, Earth, and the Netherworld. The god of heaven, An, was believed to have been conceived by the Sumerians as the supreme ruler of the pantheon. His wife was the air goddess Ninlil, and among the children of Enlil are the goddess Inanna and the gods Nanna, Ninurta, Utu, and many more. An and Ki produced within or between them Enlil, air, and as the air began to stir in the darkness within the mountain, it separated sky and earth. With the move from an agricultural society to an urban one the old nature deities became the patron Goddesses of the new city states. Once heaven and earth had been separated, plants, animals, and human life became possible. Decrees governing all cultural and political achievements which made sumerian gods and goddesses the Sumerian word for heaven, and lazuli! Of war, and lapis lazuli what is believed to have been reading the! 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